Lao Cai enhances the economic value of specialized farming

With the characteristics of climatic and soil conditions suitable for cultivating many different types of agricultural crops, in recent years, in order to improve economic value in agricultural production, Lao Cai has turned to focus on construction. specialized farming areas, bringing high economic efficiency, increasing income and improving the lives of farmers.

With the conversion of maize planting to tangerine cultivation brings high economic efficiency for the people.

Determining the strengths of the locality, in order to increase income on the same cultivated area, Muong Khuong district has implemented a project to promote agricultural and rural development, with a focus on planning concentrated production areas; selecting suitable plants and seeds with high economic efficiency. The project's central content is to promote the application of scientific and technical advances to production, focusing on the development of hi-tech agriculture; implement intensive farming to increase crops in association with changing the structure of crops and animals, increasing the value per unit of cultivated area. To concentrate on expanding commodity-specialized production areas associated with the market; pay attention to the stage of preliminary processing, processing, and post-harvest preservation; develop chain production to increase income value; exploiting the strengths of localities in the direction of key products of the province, locality, and OCOP products; develop and create commodity zones associated with processing to improve product value and scale appropriately ...

Up to this point, many specialized farming areas with high economic efficiency have been formed in the district, such as pineapple growing areas in Ban Lau commune; San tea in Ban Sen, Ban Lau, Lung Vai, Thanh Binh and Ta Thang communes; Séng Cu rice in Mushroom Lu commune, Lung Khau Nhin; Tung Chung Pho ... with cultivated area up to thousands of hectares. Supported with seedlings and technical guidance for care, 60 households in Sa Pa village, Muong Khuong town boldly converted more than 63ha of maize land to tangerine and 20ha of medicinal plants. With the compliance with technical measures, the area of fruit trees and medicinal herbs growing and developing well, the value on the same cultivated area is much higher than that of maize in the past, contributing to reducing the percentage of households. poor and near poor from 90% to more than 10%. Presently, Sa Pa is one of three villages specializing in growing mandarin and kumquat in Muong Khuong district.

With the development of focused programs and projects and promulgating many mechanisms and policies to encourage the application of science and technology in agricultural production. Currently, Lao Cai has formed concentrated production areas specializing in the production of hybrid rice and high quality rice varieties, which annually meet more than 65% of the demand for good rice seeds for local farmers. At the same time, it also actively tests new plants and breeds, especially salmon and sturgeon, which are two species of cold water and high economic value that have been successfully developed by the agricultural sector of Lao Cai; to form a number of regions producing key products such as vegetables, flowers, temperate fruit trees, and industrial crops such as tea, cinnamon, and medicinal herbs ...

Particularly for medicinal plants, following the direction of the Prime Minister to allow Lao Cai to pilot development of the second largest medicinal plant in the country, Lao Cai has quickly applied scientific and technological advances to propagation and intensive cultivation. medicinal plants of high economic value in potential districts, where many ethnic minorities live, such as Sa Pa, Bac Ha, Si Ma Cai, Bat Xat, Muong Khuong and Van Ban, with The total area is estimated at more than 2,300 hectares and yields more than 8,170 tons. In particular, the artichoke tree accounts for more than 50% of the output, the average profit is over 200 million VND / ha / year; three ventricles reached 300 million / ha ...

Along with the formation of a number of concentrated production areas, forms of production association between enterprises and farmers in upland areas, ethnic minority and mountainous areas have also gradually formed and brought highly efficient. Up to now, the province has confirmed 72 production linkages. There are 52 products certified to meet OCOP standards of three stars or more, of which 19 products are certified for intellectual property. Products with a provincial star rating or higher are supported by the local budget for printing labels, product packaging and trade promotion ...

With the achieved results, in the coming time, Lao Cai is striving that by 2025 there will be agriculture with commodity production and high technology application; products of crops, livestock, adapting to climate change, specialized production, concentrated and linked to the market. Building trademarks for key agricultural products, endemic Lao Cai brand, achieving high economic efficiency, contributing to change the face of rural and mountainous areas of the province./.

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